Agriculture News

Feed barley expected grind along for now

Published on 11.21.2018 by Greg Kostal

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The feed barley outlook conforms to an agenda of passing time at a relatively high price so sufficient domestic substitution can occur in exporting countries to free-up enough supply for core must-have importers.

Price doesn’t need to trend higher, just stay relatively high as the calendar races toward accessing 2019 crop. For example, Saudi Arabia is now covered through to the end of February.

Saggy prices ahead

Respective new crop inflection point should mean a return to saggy price by then. Barley would re-evaluate respective need to remain competitive with wheat and/or corn as a domestic substitute, both of which should be lower priced, or determine if the price needs to be even lower than the competition's to recapture demand.

World barley supply and demand is tight. Even with shrinking production and feeding, world barley stocks are projected to be the snuggest in 35 years, when 1983-1984 registered 15.5 million tonnes.

Even with shrinking production and use of barley around the globe, world barley stocks are projected to be tight in 2018-19, rates not seen in 35 years.

Resolution

How does tight barley world supply and demand get resolved? Ensure that feed barley is the highest priced feed grain choice so those who have domestic substitutable choices make the switch. This in turn, frees up export supply for world importers that must have barley. Canada is doing its part with inflated corn and wheat use. Western Canada is programmed to import large quantities of United States corn this year.

At the margin, the price is to incentivize consumers like China to use more fair average quality barley in malt rations, use less barley adjuvant, opting to cheaper wheat or rice, or use less outright.

For those with a more flexible demand and stock ownership regime, maximize substitution and/or reduce inventory in anticipation of accessing 2019 crop.

While we all know Australia’s crop wreck will constrain exportable surplus, it won’t be zero and will be relatively expensive.

The complimentary choice should be gravitation to Argentina barley early and proactively, to ensure Argentina exports reach three million tonnes. It’s not that Argentina is a game changer, but rather it offers an incremental supply that, in concert with barley already being the highest priced feed ingredient choice in every exporting nation in the world, passes time until importers can access 2019 supply.

Bottom line

Barley prices need to be high, but at this rate so early in the crop year, will likely lead to substitutions. Wheat and corn need to lead the grain trend higher, or barley (malt or feed) will be viewed as passing time until all 2018-19 demand is filled.  

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